Meeker's
Mechanical
Nature Antiques
Larry and Carole
Meeker

Purveyors of Americana
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www.Patented-Antiques.com

LCM@Patented-Antiques.com
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Antique & Vintage
Patent Models / Salesman Samples & Store Display Models



c. 1919 Salesman Sample Combination Tractor Plow in Original Box w/ Sales Brochure c. 1918 Salesman Sample Combination Tractor Plow in Original Box w/ Sales Brochure  This is a great salesman sample size piece of farming equipment.  It is a highly detailed and well constructed model of a new design for a 2 Way Combined Tractor Plow.  The salesman sample plow / tractor is complete in its original fitted hard fiber material hip roofed box and is in very nice overall condition. 

Inside the original box was a 15 page oil soaked sales brochure that identifies this new revolutionary design combo tractor / plow as having been made and offered by the "Farm Machinery Company" of Denver Colorado.  The brochure is a prospectus of sorts, and in addition to being a sales brochure, the owners / original investors, are also fishing for new investors. The pamphlet explains that the company was incorporated in 1917, and mentions a huge government contract to supply tractors for the war effort. That contract wasSalesman Sample Law 2 - Way Tractor / Goddard 2 - Way Tractor cancelled with the end of WWI and now the new partners claim to be ready to fill the growing domestic demand for their tractors here in the Western US.

Things did not work out, and by 1919 the company was renamed the "Two - Way Tractor Plow Company, of the same address for the manufacturing plant "8th Ave. between Bryant and the Platte River.  The office location is also called off as 411 - 417 Symes Building Denver Colorado.  By 1920 or shortly after no further mention of either company can be found on the internet or in literature.  The reference on tractors by Wendel barely mentions them.  I found a few mentions in old farming magazines of them being out and about showing off working examples at shows and fairs in 1920 and nothing after that.  I am not sure if there are any known examples of full size machines known.

It looks to be cutting edge technology for the time, and the brochure uses lots of superlative language to describe its many features.  It has 4 spring loaded plow blades that can be raised or lowered, and even shifted side to side. Another talking point is that this is the perfect design with the tractor weight over the plow blades as opposed to the old way of horses dragging the plow behind and the blades bouncing up and down.

The engine was to be supplied by Wisconsin Motor Co, but for this model they had a special electric motor made up and installed behind the faux radiator.  It has not been tested or run.  I assume the round tank in front of the leather seat represents the fuel tank for the gas or diesel engine.  The operator had lots of controls, both levers and pedals to contend with.  The entire machine is driven by 2 large gears that mesh with the metal traction treads of the traction style wheels at the front. I think you could engage either or to both  facilitate turning.  It also mentions it being at least 2 speed.  The literature claims it has a 5' turning radius as well.  There is an old repair to the driver side axle housing.  It appears it happened early on and the repair was made to look like part of the original design with the same type bolts and parts used for the framework as part of the repair.  It looks like the owners were so stretched for money they could not have a new axle housing made for their model before Salesman Sample of Two - Way Tractor Plow presenting it to the public and potential investors perhaps explaining their short history. 

The brochure mentions and pictures 2 different designs of the new design plow / tractor. One larger and one smaller. It calls them off by name as the "Law 2 - Way Tractor", and the "Goddard 2 - Way Tractor".  Several examples are pictured in the brochure and although similar, none are exactly the same as this model.  It seems the design was a work in progress and evolving   In my research I found one patent for a 2 way plow by a Guy Law of Colorado, but could find nothing relevant by anyone named Goddard.  Additional research might turn up more info.

A great piece of farming history that has lots of curb appeal. The era of horse drawn equipment was drawing to a close and the next generation of farm machines, powered by gas diesel or steam engines were being developed and perfected.  Some ideas worked out, many did not, but the sense of American ingenuity and spirit is clearly evident in this wonderful salesman sample.

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LC-SS-PLOW

Good +  . . . . . $ 4895.00

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1866 Patent Model - Combined Door Bell Burglar Alarm by E. H. Crane1866 Patent Model - Combined Doorbell / Burglar Alarm by E. H. Crane   This combined Door Bell - Burglar Alarm is in very nice original condition and comes with its original tags.  Mr. Elliot Crane hailed from St. Joseph County MI and was an embalmer taxidermist there.  He gets a long mention in a recently published book on the area titled Hidden History of St. Joseph County, Michigan by Kelly Pucci.  He also held a patent for an embalming / taxidermy process where you did not have to remove the flesh. 

The idea here was that after mounting the spring loaded bell on the jamb next to the door, you would lift the spring loaded lever up to "lock" the door and set the bell or alarm.  Pushing the door open would release the lever and set it off the alarm ringing the bell.  Simple efficient, and worthy of patent # 55823 granted in 1866. It is a good number, and the patent comes right up with a Google search.

A neat piece of Americana that will be a good addition to many collections.

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AH-PM-BELL

Fine  . . . . .  $995.00

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1877 Patent Model - Game Apparatus by John Brown1877 Patent Model - Game Apparatus by John Brown   This game has aspects that combine ideas from several different games including Billiards, Pool and Bagatelle.   The patent calls for multi sided pins, the use of balls, a "cue stick" and the billiard or pool like cushioned table. There is a brass tag inset into the table top with the inventors name and Providence RI location.  It has its original tags and red ribbon as well.  The patent # is 197,091, and the patent comes up with a Google search. 

An interesting note is that there is another version of this patent model in the Cooper-Hewitt Museum in New York.  That example is referred to as "improved".  I also found reference to that model in a book titled American Enterprise: Nineteenth-Century Patent Models. New York by Post, Robert E. 

The patent description explains that the game is similar to billiards, but easier to play, and less expensive.  A game for the masses.  A neat piece of Americana and gaming history that will be a good addition to many collections.

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AH-PM-GAME

Good . . . . .  $795.00

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1879 Patent Model - Lantern by Joseph Trent1879 Patent Model - Lantern by Joseph Trent   Joseph Trent of New York was granted 3 patents in numerical order for this lantern or parts for it or others. 216540, 216541, and  216542.  He assigned each to the Manhattan Burner Co. a little known company in New York.  It is not known if it, or Mr. Trent were in any way associated with the Manhattan Brass Co, another outfit with the same initials who were well known for their line of different kerosene bike skaters, and railroad lamps. 

In the patent description Mr. Trent describes different aspects of his lantern and how it works.  The perforations served a couple functions.  He also mentions a wire screen inside the font.  It also features a locking mechanism and a special set up to allow raising the wick without going inside or raising the glass globe. He mentions its different attributes as being especially well suited for railroad lanterns. 

An interesting piece of Americana lighting history and Railroad memorabilia that will make for  a good addition to many collections.

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AH-PM-LANT

Fine . . . . .  $2495.00

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1879 Patent Model - Cider Mill by E. Barton1879 Patent Model - Cider Mill by E. Barton   Edmund Barton hailed from Philadelphia PA and was granted patent # 217,976 for his Apple Cider Mill idea in 1879.  The number is good, and the patent is easily viewable with Google.  A simple straight forward plan for what to do with all the extra apples after the pies have been made and the peeled and sliced apples have been put up for storage.  His claim is that this design, a round drum with straight lines of pins to grind the apples down to "pumice" will not clog, need plunging, or other things that other inferior designs required. 

An interesting piece of Americana and early farming history.  Apples and apple processing equipment like peelers, and slicers hold a special interest with a select group of dedicated collectors.  The club they formed is called APES, and Apple tools are such a popular collectible that entire books have been published on the subject.   A good nice addition to many collections.

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AH-PM-MILL

Fine . . . . .  $795.00

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1881 Patent Model - Wheel for Vehicles by Soule & Manuel1881 Patent Model - Wheel for Vehicles by Soule & Manuel   John Soule and David Manuel of Hyde Park Mass were granted patent # 241,244 for their buggy or wagon wheel idea in 1881.  It is a good number and closely matches the patent.  Cutting edge technology for the time no doubt.  The patent describes the outer rim being constructed of wood with a layer of rubber or elastic material sandwiched between layers, so constructed so that the spokes did something, but not sure what.  Te spokes are set at an angle that is mentioned, but not well explained.  It also goes on to describe the roller type bearings in the hub.  That aspect works well, but can only be seen in the drawings.

An interesting piece of Americana and early transportation history.

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AH-PM-WHEEL

Fine . . . . .  $795.00

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Salesman Sample B. F. Horton Improved Horse Rake & Seeding MachineB. F. Horton Patent Salesman Sample Improved  Horse Rake & Seeding Machine  This combined horse drawn rake & seeder is a wonderful 19th Century salesman sample of B. F. Horton's patented idea. It is the most complete and well documented antique salesman sample of a farm implement that I have ever had.  It is housed in its original box and comes with supporting paperwork including the original contract the inventor B. F. Horton entered into to have the distributer / manufacturer, Centre Hall Manufacturing Co in Centre Hall PA manufacture and market it for him.

B. F. Horton hailed from Ithaca New York, and was granted several patents for his farm machinery ideas. In 1867 he was granted one patent for a seeder, in 1868, another patent for a rake. The salesman sample / model and included paper work indicates he had combined the two ideas prior to marketing his ideas.  I believe he was granted a third patent in 1872 for the combination of the two ideas, but could not make that patent come up.

Besides the well constructed and highly detailed model of the combined horse drawn seeder / rake and its original box, there is a packet of paper including the original hand written partnership contract, numerous unused sales contracts and related info pertaining to Mr. Horton's patented invention.  From the paper work it seems that Mr. Horton took on partners to help finance, build, and market his invention.  He was to be paid a set sum for each machine sold by the Centre Hall Manufacturing Co. in Centre Hall, PA, to whom he sold the rights to the machine.  They were optimistic as there are a stack of 20 or more original sales contracts / receipts that were never used. It seems the Centre Hall Manufacturing Co. that Mr.  Horton picked to go into partnership with, may have been a bad choice as their is little info to be found on them online.

A great piece of farming related history and Americana that will be a highlight of many advanced collections.

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AH-HORTON-SS

Fine  . . . . .  $7500.00

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William O. Grover 1863 Patent Model Sewing MachineWilliam O. Grover 1863 Patent Model Sewing Machine  The patent for this early sewing machine was granted on January 27th 1863.  The patent number is 37502.  It comes up with a Google search.  Looking at a copy of the patent we see that Baker was a witness.  Grover & Baker were a partnership famous for their line of "portable" sewing machines which they first started producing in the 1850's.  Those are considered the first real portable sewing machine.  This looks to be a sewing machine pulled off the assembly line with a modification or improvement over the prior design.  In essence what Grover did here was simplify the earlier design removing a second drive arm from below the table in order to simplify the mechanism and make it less likely to get out of adjustment.  In the write-up he mentions Wheeler & Wilson having a patent for a one arm drive machine, but then differentiates his as needing fewer parts and thus being a better idea.  Looks like the Patent Office agreed.   It was the design used for most of their machines before dropping out of the competition sometime in the 1870's.  It is a fine condition example and appears to be complete!!

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JL-PMSM-GROVER-1863

Fine . . . . . . . $3250.00

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Adams Salesman Sample Road GraderJ. D. Adams Salesman Sample Road Grader  This is the real deal.  It is very graphic and looks great. This engineering company hailed from Indianapolis IN. This is a very complicated piece of machinery.  I am not totally sure, but was told there are some missing pieces / springs to hold the lower grader portion at different angles.   Look at all the pics to see all the different gear boxes, adjusters, fittings and more that this has. This rare & desirable c. 1910 salesman's sample measures approx. 10.25" H x 8.5" W x 22.5" L.

The operator would stand on the grate at the rear and have to control all the different wheels and levers as the grader was being pulled along.  Nice!!

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AH-ADAMS

Good  . . . . .  $7500.00

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Jones Salesman Sample Sickle Bar Mowing MachineJones Salesman Sample Sickle Bar Mowing Machine  This 19th century salesman sample / display model of a Jones sickle bar mowing machine is all original and in super nice condition.  The gold finish is close to perfect and original. I had one of these 20 years ago that was not in nearly as nice condition.  Salesman Sample or display model hay mowing machines are an exact copy of the full size machine they were copied from, right down to miniature nuts and bolts.  It is an amazing piece of craftsmanship.  Note how the miniature cut out cast iron seat has the name Jones in the the design just like the full size machine would.  A distinctive feature of the jones Mower design is the chain drive design, not gear driven as most mowers of the era were. 

"Jones" was the name of one of the founders and the original President of the Plano company W.H. Jones.  This maker of farming implements was intially located in Plano Illinois which is in Kendall County IL.   The Plano Manufacturing Company was formed in March of 1881 and manufactured horse-drawn farm implements of all kinds including rakes, plows, tedders, and more. In 1893 the manufacturing facility was moved to West Pullman IL (south Chicago), and in 1902 they  joined up with the McCormick Harvesting Machine Co. & the Deering Harvester Co. to form the International Harvester Company.

The model / salesman sample mowing machine is operable, very graphic, and looks great. Look at all the pics to see all the different adjusters, fittings and more that this salesman sample / display model has.  This rare & desirable antique salesman sample is a great piece of Americana and farming related history.  Nice!!

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FOL-JONES-MOWER

Fine  . . . . .  $7500.00

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Adriance Platt Salesman Sample Sickle Bar Mowing Machine in Original BoxAdriance Platt Salesman Sample Sickle Bar Mowing Machine in Original Box  This 19th century salesman sample / display model of a Jones sickle bar mowing machine is all original and in super nice condition.  Salesman Sample or display model hay mowing machines are an exact copy of the full size machine they were copied from, right down to miniature nuts and bolts, working mower and transmission and cast iron seat.  It is an amazing piece of craftsmanship.  SIZE: 18″ w x 21″ l  

The box has instructions in the lid for the salesman with special mention to not let children near it.  Adriance - Platt was formed in  Poughkeepsie, NY” in 1882.  Adriance first went into business with Samuel P. Platt and Samuel W. Sears, operating Sears, Adriance & Platt, a wholesale hardware company. Adriance, Platt & Co. was formed later and the company was bought out by Moline (Illinois) Plow Co. in 1913 thus dating this piece between those dates.

The model / salesman sample mowing machine was operable, and is very graphic.  It looks great.   The lever for the transmission needs some attention and right now is not operable.  Note the ratcheting springs in each wheel.  Look at all the pics to see all the different adjusters, fittings and more that this salesman sample / display model has.  This rare & desirable antique salesman sample is a great piece of Americana and farming related history.  Nice!!

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AH-PLATT-MOWER

Fine  . . . . .  $8500.00

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Salesman Sample Grain / Corn Silo Salesman Sample Grain / Corn Silo w/ Case  This c 1900 salesman sample Silo is in great condition and includes its original carry case.   The inside of the lid is numbered # 124.  The silo body is made of individual tongue & groove wood boards that are banded around the circumference.  It also has guy or stay wires and turnbuckles running top to bottom for added stability and strength.  It has 4 grain doors with swing latches going up one side.  The model stands about 16" tall with its two piece metal roof.  The diameter is approx. 6".   The metal troughs in the front are grain chutes.  When not being used as chutes they can be stored standing up against the grain door area as a means to keep the curious from having fun climbing the ladder there or committing mischief. 

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JR-SS-SILO

Good + . . . . . $895.00

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1807 Patent Model Washing Machine1807 T. Beatty Patent Model Washing / Churning Machine  This 1807 patent model is one of the earliest US Patent Models known to exist.  The patent was issued to a Thomas Beatty in 1807.  Patent Models of inventors ideas became a requirement by an act of Congress in 1790.  Note that the tag says "no number".   Models like this are referred to as X models and were called off by the inventors name rather than a number prior to 1836. They are very hard to research or find reference to on the internet or in the Patent Office records. They were assigned numbers later on and I believe this ones number is X 754.  The patent can not be brought up with Google or at the PO site. 

In 1836, and after the first Patent Office fire, all patent models were assigned numbers. The 1836 Patent Office fire destroyed all the previous models that had been submitted prior to that date.  Approximately 10,000 patents had been granted between 1790 and 1835.  Only about 1/4 were recovered or restored after the fire.  Congress appropriated funds to have the more important models rebuilt after the initial 1836 fire and that is what we have here.  The patent tag is original and held in place with the lead lock tag used by the American Patent Models Inc. back in the 30's.  They were one of several owners of the patent models after the government disposed of the entire patent model inventory or collection at auction back in 1925.

Histories of Patent Models can be found at several different internet sites.  I have a page that briefly explains the history here  https://www.antiqbuyer.com/Patent_Models.html.    There is much more info to be found at Wikipedia and at other sites.

This is a great model and an idea ahead of it time.  Most washing machines worked on the idea of the operator or user activating a dasher, or agitator in order to perform the washing task at hand.  Beatty's idea flipped this idea, and the washing machine dasher or agitator was fixed and the user would instead move or swing the container back and forth to perform the washing, churning, and scouring task. An important piece of Americana, American History and Yankee ingenuity all wrapped into one. 

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GLIS-1807-PM

Good + . . . . . $7500.00 

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1858 James McVicker Patent Model Washing Machine1858 James McVicker Patent Model Washing Machine  This 1858 patent model washing machine could easily win a prize for whacky idea of the year, or century for that matter.  The patent is for a washing machine based on a wheel barrow like design. The patent issued to a James McVicker of Mount Morris PA. The patent number is 19788 and comes up with a Google patent search.

Mr McVicker must have had to push a wheelbarrow around in a previous occupation, and was now tasked with the washing chores around the homestead.  Or perhaps he had heard or read about the great success Studebaker was having making wheel barrows in California gold country and thought he could cash in using the design and offering a new mobile wash service for the boys.  What other logic could there be for such a silly looking idea.

It is kind of a hard patent to read and understand.  If I am reading it right, and in looking inside, it seems you were not supposed to operate the washer / wheelbarrow while moving the entire machine about the yard.  I think you were to get it in place, set the side levers to raise the front wheel off the ground, and then operate the washer mechanism by hand where upon the wheel would become a flywheel to help with the back and forth washing or agitator action.  He goes into some detail explaining how the wooden spring design seen at the back end of the model would assist in the operation as well. As I first said, WHACKY.

The model measures approx. 12" end to end and stands a bit over 6" tall.  It is primarily made of a few different types of hard and soft woods with nicely done chamfers and carved aspects or details.  A one of a kind. 

An important piece of Americana, American History and Yankee ingenuity all wrapped into one.

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PF-1858-PM-WASH

Good + . . . . . $3500.00 

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1873 Patent Model of Telegraph Apparatus by George Little1873 Patent Model of Telegraph Apparatus by George Little The overall condition of this telegraphic device is very nice. George Little hailed from Rutherford Park NJ and was a contemporary and competitor of Thomas A. Edison, Western Union, and others in the early developmental period of telegraphy in the United States.  George Little was granted a patent for this "Telegraph Apparatus" on September 2 1873. The patent number is 142486. The patent and images are viewable on Google and it is a close match.  The telegraph receiver patent model is mounted on a round cast iron base and has its original tag and ribbon.

The patent describes how this design will improve transmission rates and alleviate the problem of the signal becoming garbled or running together in rapid transmissions. George little describes how this is accomplished in some detail that makes little sense to a novice but it was novel or important enough to be granted a patent. A passage found on the internet mentions that Daniel Craig founder of the American Rapid Telegraph Co. in 1879 touted Little's patented telegraph invention as making it possible to send 100 word letters out for a dime, and that later they would charge by the yard. The company went bankrupt in 1884.

George Little was a well known figure in the development of telegraphy. He was issued his first patent back in the 1840's during the infancy of the telegraphic revolution. Google searches turn up reams of info on him and his endeavors. He held several other earlier telegraphy related patents that are mentioned in the patent for this device as well. He also held a patent for a electro magnetic motor. Several references noted that Thomas Edison claimed he could improve on Little's original invention and worked on it.

An interesting, important & unusual piece of telegraphy and early communication technology!! Opportunity!!

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MD-LITTLE-PM

Good + . . . . . $1750.00 

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Larry & Carole Meeker