Larry and Carole|
Purveyors of Americana
Patented & Mechanical Antiques
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Fine . . . . . $995.00
Fine . . . . . $2750.00
Charles Miller 1872 Patent # 50 Bronze Improved Joiners Plow Plane There are just a handful of these rare planes known. They were made in both iron and bronze / gunmetal as this one is. The design for this style plane was patented by Charles Miller in 1872 and it was offered for just one year in the Russell & Irwin catalog of 1875. Miller held other plane patents, and worked for Stanley for a short time prior to this. It is believed Stanley made the plane, but it was never offered in any of their catalogs. Patrick Leach has a write-up on this plane on his website Blood & Gore, and Don Bosse also has a history / bio on Miller on his website, both of which can be found with a Google search. There is also info in Roger Smiths books. Past auction results can be found in Clarence Blanchard's / Browns Tool Auction Catalogs.
The collector found this plane in California back in the 70's or early 80's. At that time it was practically unheard of and he knew nothing about it. It was missing the outer fence. He found somebody that had an iron model, and borrowed that fence to have one made for his. At the time he did not know that the fence for the iron model was different from the bronze one. Fast forward 30 - 40 years during which time a few other examples have turned up in different tool auctions typically bringing anywhere from $15,000 - $23,000. Prices have fallen off from the peaks, but it is still considered one of the preier planes that can be found. Paul Hamler the well known master artisan in the tool world began making a full size, and miniature version of this plane. Examples of both can be found on the market today, although they too are kind of hard to find. This plane has been fitted with one of Hamler's incredibly accurate and detailed outer fences. It is the proper size and design. It fits perfectly, and looks great noting a slight color difference. Everything else about this plane is original and in superb condition. Rare & Very Nice!!
Fine . . . . . $4950.00
Birmingham 5" Batwing Rabbet Plane This small rabbet plane, the 5" size from Birmingham's line of "Batwing" rabbet planes is only the second one of these to ever turn up. The only other known example sold in a Browns Tool auction a few years back. It is rarer than the 4" size, the smallest size, that has turned up in a few auctions over the years and is known in several top tier collections. I have been told that there was a detailed analysis of its characteristics done up by John Wells a well known plane authority and all is right, but I could not find a reference to it.
The overall condition is very nice with it still sporting approx. 85% or more of its original japanning. There is no rust or pitting to speak of. The cutter is proper and original. The spanner type cap nut is also proper and original. The cap has been remade using a piece of cast iron and looks pretty good. The throat is good, and there are no other condition issues. RARE, Different, and Nice!!
Good+ . . . . . . . $2495.00
Mayo Patent Plow Plane w/ Cutters This is a very nice example of the Mayo Plow Plane. Roger Smith goes into great detail concerning this pane and how it is related to the Philips Plow in his seminal work on American Patented Planes. The condition of this example is very nice. It retails much of its gold finish and highlights. The box of cutters is nice as well. Note the original Rosewood handle and graceful horn. The depth stop is present. A fine example that deserves a place in any collection focused on patented metallic planes of the 19th century. Different, Unusual and Nice!!
Good+ . . . . . . . $3495.00
Hardt Patent Smooth Plane The patent for this design plane was issued on August 8 1893 to Louis John Hardt from Yuba City California. The patent shows a wooden plane, but the only known examples are metal bodied planes like this one. There are only a handful of these planes known, and almost all turn up here in California as this one did. A pair of them were recently offered at a major tool auction and one brought up to $9,000.00. The other one had major damage and still bought close to 5K. I believe they came in three sizes, that being a block plane, a jointer size plane, and this the smooth at just under 12" long. All are rare.
Roger Smith in his reference PATMPIA #1 gives a bit more detailed story behind Hardt, the maker, and what little is known about him and his planes. Roger surmised that Hardt had the body parts cast here in California, and then machined them himself. He then bought the frogs and cutters from Sargent, and those parts are proper and properly marked on this plane as they should be. Please be sure to look at all of the different pics to see the details. Roger surmises that Hardt probably only made one production run of these and that approx 7 or so are known confirming their relative rarity.
This plane has been refinished and looks great. The rosewood handle and knob look to be original and are in nice condition. The plane is marked in all the proper places, and has just one slight apology with a hairline crack at the edge of the throat on the bottom as shown. I have seen others with major chips in this area so it must have been a weak point in the design. The patented idea had to do with the front section of the plane being adjustable to control the width of the throat opening. It is well made and nicely machined, but the design idea seems like an odd way to accomplish a task that Stanley and others had already dealt with with, and are arguably better ideas. I suppose that is one of the reasons it is so scarce, being the design never caught on, or was accepted as better.
A nice example of one of the rarest patented planes that can found, with the added bonus of it being the only plane patented here in CA. A rare opportunity.
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Good +. . . . . $3950.00
Good + . . . . . . $295.00
c.1860 - 1870 Mystery Jack Plane This unusual plane is a mystery. It is an early plane that dates from its construction characteristics and design dates from the 1860's or a bit later. It has a nice Moulson cutter in it. The frog design looks a lot like Stanley's type 3 planes or Leonard Bailey's Victor style or line of planes. The lever cap is cast, hollow in the back and has a distinctive look to it. Also note how the handle is dovetailed into its position. It is a great casting that was japanned. A nice example of an early and probably unique plane. Nice!!
Good + . . . . . $495.00
Chaplin 1207 Improved Fore Plane The oval frog piece has been brazed. Otherwise nice. Near full length cutter. Rubber handle is good. Corrugated bottom.
Good . . . . . $50.00
Good + . . . . . $2750.00
Holly Patent Smooth Plane Birdsill Holly began producing planes in 1852 shortly after forming the company Silsby, Race & Holly Co. located in Seneca Falls NY in 1848.
This would be considered a second model. The main differences are the way the handle is set up, and the design of the cast blade holder. The bottom on this one is dimpled as well. The fragile lever cap is damage free, The plane is in very nice condition overall.
A good looking early patented plane. No rust or pitting, correctly marked long Moulson Brothers cutter. Nice wood. No apologies. An early, rare, and desirable patented plane for the advanced tool collection!!
Good + . . . . . $2495.00
Holly Patent Jack Plane Birdsill Holly began producing planes in 1852 shortly after forming the company Silsby, Race & Holly Co. located in Seneca Falls NY in 1848.
This 15 long Holly Patent Jack Plane would be considered a second model. The plane is in very nice condition overall.The main differences from earlier models are the way the handle is set up, and the design of the cast blade holder. The bottom on plane has cast in corrugations as well. The fragile lever cap is damage free. The cutter is long and nice, but the logo is hard to make out.
A good looking early patented plane. No rust or pitting. Nice wood. No apologies. An early, rare, and desirable patented plane for the advanced tool collection!!
Good + . . . . . $1650.00
Patent Jointer Plane Birdsill Holly began
producing planes in 1852 shortly after forming the company Silsby, Race &
Holly Co. located in Seneca Falls NY in 1848.
This 20" long Holly Patent Jointer Plane would be considered a second model. The plane is in very nice overall condition noting the replaced / make do lever cap. The original fragile lever cap must have broken and the previous / original owner looked around at what was available and what was the latest in cutting edge technology, and decided to go with a Leonard Bailey lever cap from a vertical post plane, or an early Bailey Bench plane. It is really quite ingenious. He ran a bolt in from behind the split frog, through the slot in the cutter and lever cap, and then tightened it with a nice winged thumbscrew. An elegant solution and not a bad idea at all as it is probably a better design and more robust than the original.
A good looking early patented plane. No rust or pitting. Nice wood. The Buck Brothers cutter is long and nice. The bottom of the plane has cast in corrugations. An early, rare, and desirable patented plane for the advanced tool collection!!
Good + . . . . . $795.00
Worrall Patent 20" Transitional Jointer Plane Thomas Worrall was granted his first patent for a plane in 1854. Worrall formed and operated 2 different tool and plane making concerns, the Lowell Plane & Tool Co. and The Multiform Moulding Plane Co of Boston Mass. According to Roger Smith he closed up shop sometime in 1858. He was granted at least 5 other plane related patents in that short period.
This 20" Closed handle fore plane is in excellent condition. This example is clearly marked on the nose of the plane and the cutter is marked as well. It has a great look to it and is a nice example of one of the earliest American Patented planes that can be found. Nice!!
Good + . . . . . . . $395.00
Worrall Patent 26" Transitional Jointer Plane This early 26" closed handle patented jointer plane is in nice condition. Note that the top plate with patent info does not extend all the way to the end like the others offered. According to Roger Smith it is an earlier version than those above. Roger Smith calls this style the first transitional that was made / manufactured and that it was the design that inspired Leonard Bailey just a few years later.
This early Worrall patent transitional plane has a great look to it and is a nice example of one of the earliest American Patented planes that can be found. I am not sure if the color change on the bottom is a stain, or part of the wood. It is not soft, rotten or - - - . Nice, & Different!!!
Fine . . . . . . . $495.00
Knowles Type Patented Plane w/ Cut Out Sides Hazard Knowles was granted a patent for an iron bodied plane in 1827. It is considered the first patent for a metal bodied plane granted in America. No known examples are marked. Shortly after other versions of metal bodied planes based on the idea began to appear and are generally referred to as Knowles types. In Vol. II of Smiths works on patented planes he pictures a plane identical to this one with the decorative cut-outs in the cast iron sides. He calls it a Knowles type and provides some info based on how the cutter was marked. Roger Smith covers the whole range of Knowles planes and Knowles type planes and their history, in some detail, in both volumes of his books on patented American planes. It is worth the read.
The overall condition of this 19" long plane is very nice with no damage to the cast iron body. The throat area is nice. There are no markings or patent info. There is little to no rust or pitting. It has not been over cleaned or fiddled with. The infill shows appropriate and normal wear. There is some chipping to the handle. It has its original wedge and a single cutter. The cutter is 2 3/8 and marked Ohio Tool which is probably a later replacement. RARE, Nice, & Different!!!
Good + . . . . . . . $2495.00
Fales Patent Combination Plane Amos Fales of Denver, Colorado was granted two patents for his combination plane design beginning in 1882. He had it made by Otis Smith of Rockfall Connecticut who was a gun maker. He is not the Smith of Smith & Wesson fame. Production or more accurately, sales ended in 1917 or so.
This has to be one of the wackiest ideas for a patented plane ever produced. It probably looked good and sounded good on paper, but the finished product was destined for failure. Mr. Fales had obviously never heard of the KISS concept of Keep it Simple Stupid before coming up with this idea. The plane has 2 bottoms and a cutter for almost every possible profile. I read that can equal upwards of 240 or so separate pieces. It is usually found with just the body and one cutter w/ 2 bottoms. This example has at least 200 if not more pieces included. That includes some specialty profiles such as the nosing profile, v profile, chamfer, and more in their original boxes. There is also a small box with spurs and nickers. The long rod and post are present. There are also two original sales brochures listing the parts available as well. What I did not see were bottoms for large size dados or rabbets, if it even had them. I do not see them called off in the literature and perhaps was designed to be used without. It does have 10 or 12 graduated cutters for that type cut. All told it weighs 30 lbs. or so.
An interesting note is the individual parts are not marked or matched to each other or the cutters. Figuring out what three pieces to pick out for a cut is left for the owner / user to figure out, or devise a plan for prior to each use. I can just imagine how that went by looking in the drawer I keep sockets in. A mess!
Nice, & Different!!!
Fine . . . . . . . $2295.00
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