Patent # 306 Fore Plane w/ Rosewood Sole This is about the nicest example of one of these planes I have
ever had. Typically the rosewood inlaid in the sole is all torn up and
has missing portions. Not so here, the inlaid strips are near perfect.
It has the proper marked Jennings cutter in it. The tote and front
knob are solid and nice. No apologies. Clean and Nice.
M. C. Mayo Tool Co. Block Plane Matthias C. Mayo is best known for his Mayo Patent Plow Plane (Patent No.167,772), released in 1875.
They were a flashy looking if not well designed plow that were first offered
in 1875 and were only offered for a few years.
It is thought that his
block plane dates from the same period. There is no known patent
associated with it. The plane has a captive cast iron lever cap
with a pronounced hump as well as a indent foreward for the users finger. It is approx. 2" wide
and 8" long. It would take a 1 3/4"
cutter, which is missing. The overall condition of this unusual little
block pane is pretty nice noting little if any finish remains.
Patent 1857 Gladwin & Appleton Tongue & Grove
/ Match Plane Gladwin is best known for his
patented tool handle with
interchangeable tools / chisels that fit the wood handle. He also was
in the plane making business, and took out a patent in 1857 for this unusual
design Tongue & handled Groove, or Match plane.
The condition of the
wood is very nice. Bold clear mark on the nose. There is lite
rust on the skate that will easily clean. A very nice example of an unusual
and hard to find plane.
1850s Dated Cutter Adjustment in Wooden Coffin Shaped Smooth Plane
have been told this is Patent # 13575 granted in 1855 to Horace Harris. The cutter is marked Warranted
September 18 1853 or 8. It looks as though the adjustable cutter mechanism may
have been sold as a unit to be installed in the plane of your choice.
The plane it is currently in is unmarked as to maker. There is a small
period repair to the side where the cutter adjustment unit looks to have been a
bit to wide and the side split out a bit.
overall condition of the wood body and wedge is otherwise OK. An interesting example of an unusual
and hard to find plane.
Doscher Patented October 2 1888 Smooth Plane Marten Doscher was a mid 19th century plane
maker based in New York. He offered a line of typical molding planes
that are considered relatively common, but in 1888 he was was granted a
patent for this cutter adjustment idea
The patent drawing show it installed in a jointer, but here it is in a
smooth plane. The nose is stamped with the info. These are
unusual and do not turn up very often at all.
overall condition of the wood body and wedge is OK. An interesting example of an unusual
and hard to find plane.
3 Worrall Patent Transitional Planes The handle on the middle one is a replacement. All could use a bit
of a clean. 1857 Worrall Patent Planes, by the Lowell Plane & Tool Co. are one of the earliest patented planes, and said to be the
inspiration behind Leonard Baileys designs to come a few years later.
Patent Smooth Plane
A. Heald & Sons gets a short write-up and a few pics in
Roger Smiths second book. The cast iron adjustment mechanism on this [plane was
granted a patent on Nov. 19 1879. Smiths book indicates A.
J. Wilkinson of folding draw knife fame was the retail outlet for Healds planes.
The overall condition is good. The sole has a slight concav curve to it.
Heald & Sons Milford NH, Spar Plane
A. Heald & Sons gets a short write-up and a few pics in
Roger Smiths second book. The cast iron screw to tighten the blade cap
was an idea granted a patent although this plane has no markings to that
effect. Smiths book indicates Wilkinson of folding draw knife fame was the
retail outlet for Healds planes.
Prototype / Mystery Cast Iron Jack Plane This
unusual plane is a mystery. I see no maker marks. It has some interesting
The frog design looks a lot like Stanley's type 3 planes or Leonard
Bailey's Victor style or line of planes. Attached at both sides instead of just in the center.
It has a nice Moulson cutter in it.
The lever cap is cast,
hollow in the back and has a distinctive look to it with coves in the casting
Also note how the handle (cracked at base) is dovetailed and slides into its position at the base.
The front knob is 2 pieces, and the course screw to attach it is fixed to the
body. The body is a great casting that was japanned. A nice example of an early
and probably unique plane. Nice!!
Lowell Plane & Tool Co.
1857 Worrall Patent
26" Transitional Jointer Plane This early 26" closed
handle patented jointer plane is in nice overall condition.
Note that the top plate
with patent info does not extend all the way to the end.
According to Roger Smith it is an earlier
version. Roger Smith calls this style the first
transitional that was made / manufactured and that it was the design that
inspired Leonard Bailey just a few years later. In addition to the patent
info on the top casting, it is also stamped on the nose of the plane, and the
cutter is also properly marked.
This early Worrall patent transitional plane has a great
look to it and is a nice example of one of the earliest American Patented planes
that can be found. The color change on the bottom is sap wood, or a stain. It is not soft, rotten or
other damage. Nice, Early & Different!!
English / Scottish & American Rabbet & Infill Planes
Bullnose Shoulder / Rabbet Plane
This is a very nice 1" wide rabbit plane. Unmarked that I can see. Probably English. No damage rust
or pitting. The cutter is a Stanley 93 that fits well A nice plane.
Leonard Bailey's Planes Victor
/ Defiance / Vertical Posts / Split Frames
Leonard Bailey produced the Victor line of planes after he left Stanley and
struck out on his own. He produced this line of planes for approx 18
years beginning in 1875. The history of that endeavor and his
interactions with Stanley during this period are documented in Roger Smiths
# 1 1/4 Tailed Victor Block
Plane by Leonard Bailey & Co.
The Victor #1 1/4 had a cast iron tail piece / handle. The
Victor #1 & #2 had flat sides, adjustable throats and the cutter adjustment.
The sides were flat & excelsior style. These block planes could be had in different
finishes as the 1 3/4 or the 2 3/4. The bodies are drilled to
accept a rear handle which would change it to a 1 1/4 w/ rear handle or 1 1/2 with handle and nickel trim. The same
would apply to the 7" Victor planes where a #2 becomes a 2 1/4 or 2
1/2. with a tail piece Walters dates all of them as 1875 thru 1888, the
period when Leonard Bailey had left Stanley and struck out on his own. If you find that confusing,
it is, and you need a copy of Walters book, a type study, and some reprints of
old catalogs to sort it all out.
The cutter has lots of life left and the
adjuster performs as it should. Note how good the cutter logo is. The paint on the plane is 90% or
better and original. There is no rust or pitting to speak of. The rear handle looks great but has been declared a recast by
some experts. The collector did not think so when he bought it, and
paid dearly for it.
Bailey Victor # 3 Smooth Plane
This Bailey Victor # 3 size smooth plane is in nice original condition
noting the cutter is not proper. Leonard Bailey's "Victor" line planes were produced from 1875
thru 1888 after Leonard Bailey had left Stanley's employ and before he went back to work for them.
The Victor line of planes was a great design and well received
in the marketplace. Roger Smiths books on patented planes covers the history in great detail, and is worth the read.
This plane has not been fiddled with or over cleaned. There is little rust or pitting on the body and sole. The throat is good.
No cracks, chips or other damage. The adjuster works properly. The cutter is
later and with the center slot makes the adjuster inoperable. There is approx.
80% of the
original black japanning.
Bailey "Little Victor" # 50 & 51 Block Planes
Three different variants on the theme. Each has a different blade lock type. On the left the cutter tightener is
a looped screw. I believe this is correct for early models. The
next one in the middle has a star wheel to tighten the cutter. On the
right same idea plus the adjustment can be locked with the brass knurled nut below the star.
No. 105 Toy Size Tailed Block Plane Cutter
is unmarked. There is no markings on the plane body. Identical to a Stanley # 100 tailed block plane, but I believe it is
made by Sargent given the exaggerated hump of the side rail. That
would make it a #105. Given the lack of marks it was probably sold
to a different retailer or regional hardware store of the era. Nice!!
422 (No. 7 Size) Jointer Plane The
overall condition is nice enough and no damage to speak of. A
lot of the japanning is gone. It has been cleaned and looks OK. The
rear handle is a replacement and looks OK. The long proper era 2
3/8" wide cutter has a spot of pitting at the top. The rest is good.
Type 1 Horseshoe Lateral Transitional Smooth Plane Clear stamp on the nose of this
Type 1 3410 transitional plane w/ horseshoe lateral. This style was
only offered for one year in 1891 before they cheapened the design. The long 2" wide cutter is clearly marked
and nice. Body is nice and thick. The previous owner let in a metal
strip at the throat to keep it from wearing or getting wider. Otherwise a nice little plane.
Kutter K 5 Jack Plane (Stanley 605 Bed Rock)Simmons
Hardware contracted out to Stanley to provide their line of bench planes for
a few years back around 1910. They opted for the Bed Rock style with
the mated frog to body design. They numbered them with a single K and the 5
size. Later Simmons would use Ohio, Sargent and others to make their line of
planes. These are usually marked KK 5.
Some light pitting. The wood is OK noting it has remains of a dark finish on it. Cutter is
proper and OK. It will detail out to be very nice and will be a great user.
A Bed Rock design plane at less than half the price of a typical Stanley model.
H. S. B. Co.
Hibbard Spencer & Bartlett
REV-O-NOC No. 5 C Jack Plane H. S. B. stands for Hibbard, Spencer & Bartlett a
regional Midwest Tool & Hardware distributor / retailer based in Chicago.
Not much japanning remains. No structural issues.
Nice long, proper marked, tapered cutter. Good wood. A nice plane that
will be a good worker.
"B" Plane 9 3/4 Tailed Block PlaneThis Birmingham Tool Co. "B" Plane 9 3/4 block plane
w rear handle is in
very nice condition. The turned wooden rear handle is an odd shape, not being round,
and may be replaced. Birmingham Tool Co. was a major "wannabe" competitor of
Stanley's back near 1900. In addition to their line of well known all
metal planes, they also offered a line of planes similar to Stanley's
typical line of
bench planes. It has been said that their naming them B planes was an
effort to play off of Leonard Baileys name. Note the few subtle
differences from a typical Stanley plane. Far rarer and harder to find
than the Stanley equivalent. Clean and Nice.
Note, I have put a
proper shape, original Rosewood knob on this, and it looks somewhat nicer
and more original.
Tool Co. No. 23 Transitional Smooth Plane
A pretty nice transitional plane by one of Stanley main competitors.
Lots of original japanning, good wood body, nice cutter & cap, throat area
Craftsman 101 Like Block Planes by Sargent One has a
Craftsman marked 619-3705 cutter in it. The other says USA in the casting.
Both are by Sargent and probably both are Sears products. All original and nice!
Makers Planes w/ Graduated Radius Bottoms in Wooden Case There are 12 bodies
with graduated radius bottoms. There are only 10 cutters and wedges.
All housed in a custom made box. The box has some minor damage on one