E Chelor - Living in Wrentham" Hollow Molding Plane This
18th century molding plane was made by Cesar Chelor the former slave of
Francis Nicholson who was America's first documented
wooden plane maker. C. E. Chelor began his career as Nicholson's
apprentice, but upon Nicholson's death Cesar Chelor was willed his freedom, tools, and more. There is
a nice history of the parties involved and how things evolved at
The plane is in excellent condition
and has a beautiful form and patina. It is made of yellow birch it
has its original wedge and nice heavy chamfers. The name stamp and Living
in Wrentham location is clear and bold. There are a couple of minor chips that are insignificant.
Real Americana and a piece of African and American history at its best.
G. W. Dennison Rosewood Plow Plane This
Rosewood plow is in overall pretty nice condition. It dates from the
last quarter of the 19th century. The collector put a coat of his
trademark clear lacquer on it. The inner lock nuts do not exactly
match. Other than that I see no issues.
Ohio Tool Co. # 104 Rosewood Plow Plane This
Ohio Rosewood Plow has had some restoration work done. It looks OK,
and will be a nice display piece if not a user. There is a repair to
the tip of the handle horn. There is an early repair to the fence,
being a bolt through it to stabilize a split along the grain. Also the
wedge looks to be larger than one would expect, and I think it is a
replacement. Lastly the rod threads are a bit chewed up.
Patent Block Plane
A very rare block plane in super condition. Lots of original japanning with no
chips, cracks, or other damage. The patent # for this unusual plane is 502906 and it comes up with
a Google Search. Louis John Hardt of Yuba City California was granted
his patent for a plane design on August 8th 1893. In addition to the block plane offered
here, he also made bench and jointer size planes as well. It is not
known how many sizes were offered or how many were produced, so few have ever turned up.
There are just a handful of the block planes that have ever been found.
a very distinctive design where the front end of the plane moves making the
throat opening larger or smaller. Another odd feature is that he
utilized Sargent parts including the cutters, lever caps, and in this case
the iron cap on his own castings. It has be
theorized that there was just one production run in about 1893 explaining
the relative rarity of the plane. There is a more complete write-up and
details in Roger Smiths first PATAMPIA book. Very Nice!!
Plane Co of Auburn NY Fillister Plane
A pretty rare plane in pretty nice condition. The Excelsior stamp on
the cutter is the only marking. Lots of original japanning with no chips, cracks, or other damage. The
Rosewood handle is beautiful. The oftentimes missing fence for the fillister bed is
present, undamaged and nice. The screws for the fence may be replacements
as they are different from each other and not the typical Mushroom cap style
typically seen. This type of plane is a
well known and documented. A fellow named Storkes who partnered with
Palmer got the patent.
They made a line of well received bench planes that were popular in the NY / New
back in the last quarter of the 19th century. There is a complete write-up and
more details in both of Roger Smiths PATAMPIA books. Very Nice!!
Patent Plow Plane w/ Cutters
This is a very nice example of
the Mayo Plow Plane. Roger Smith goes into great detail concerning this
pane and how it is related to the Philips Plow in his seminal work on American
Patented Planes. The condition of this example is very nice. It
retails much of its gold finish and highlights. The box of cutters is nice
as well. Note the original Rosewood handle and graceful horn.
The depth stop is present. A fine example that deserves a place in any collection
focused on patented metallic planes of the 19th century. Different, Unusual
1904 Buckeye Smooth Plane
This patented smooth plane is in very nice overall condition. John Muehl was granted a patent on Nov. 22, 1904 for his adjustable bench plane.
Muehl sold his rights to his patented plane to the Buckeye Saw Vise Co. This company operated from 1907-1912 in Cleveland, OH. Buckeye offered a Smooth, Jack and Jointer version of this patented
All moving parts operate smoothly. The black japanning is approx 90%
or better. The front knob is in good condition with no cracks. The
tote is original has wheat pattern carved sides. The bed is marked with the patent date and Buckeye name. They do not turn up very often. Interesting. All original and nice!
- 1870 Mystery Jack Plane This
unusual plane is a mystery. It is an early plane that from its
construction characteristics and design dates from the 1860's or a bit
later. It has a nice Moulson cutter in it. The
frog design looks a lot like Stanley's type 3 planes or Leonard
Bailey's Victor style or line
of planes. Attached at both sides instead of just in the center. The lever cap is cast, hollow in the back and has a distinctive look to it
with coves in the casting.
Also note how the handle is dovetailed into its position. It is a
great casting that was japanned. A nice
example of an early and probably unique plane. Nice!!
Patent Jack Plane Birdsill Holly began
producing planes in 1852 shortly after forming the company Silsby, Race &
Holly Co. located in Seneca Falls NY in 1848.
long Holly Patent Jack Plane would
be considered a second model. The plane is in very nice condition
overall. The main differences from earlier models are the way the
handle is set up, and the design of the cast blade holder. The
bottom on plane has cast in corrugations as well. The fragile lever cap is
damage free. The cutter is long and nice, but the logo is hard to
A good looking early patented plane. No rust or pitting. Nice wood. No apologies. An early, rare,
desirable patented plane for the advanced tool collection!!
Jointer Plane This early 26" closed
handle patented jointer plane is in nice condition. Note that the top plate
with patent info does not extend all the way to the end like the others offered.
According to Roger Smith it is an earlier
version than those above. Roger Smith calls this style the first
transitional that was made / manufactured and that it was the design that
inspired Leonard Bailey just a few years later.
This early Worrall patent transitional plane has a great
look to it and is a nice example of one of the earliest American Patented planes
that can be found. I am not sure if the color change on the bottom
is a stain, or part of the wood. It is not soft, rotten or - - - . Nice, & Different!!!
Type Patented Plane w/ Cut Out Sides
Hazard Knowles was granted a patent for an iron bodied plane in 1827. It
is considered the first patent for a metal bodied plane granted in America. No
known examples are marked. Shortly after other versions of metal bodied
planes based on the idea began to appear and are generally referred to as
Knowles types. In Vol. II of Smiths works on patented planes he pictures a
plane identical to this one with the decorative cut-outs in the cast iron sides. He
calls it a Knowles type and provides some info based on how the cutter was
marked. Roger Smith covers the whole range of Knowles planes and Knowles type
planes and their history, in some detail, in both volumes of his books on patented
American planes. It is worth the read.
The overall condition of this 19" long plane is very nice with no damage to the
cast iron body. The throat area is nice. There are no markings or patent
info. There is little to no rust or
pitting. It has not been over cleaned or fiddled with. The infill
shows appropriate and normal wear. There is some chipping to the handle. It
has its original wedge and a single cutter. The cutter is 2 3/8 and marked Ohio
Tool which is probably a later replacement. RARE, Nice, & Different!!!
English / Scottish & American Rabbet & Infill Planes
/ England Bronze Rabbet Plane w/ Steel Sole Overall fine condition.
This unusual shoulder rabbet plane is approx. 8" long overall and 1" wide.
It has a steel sole and very fine mouth. The cutter is clearly marked
Holland / London and has a lot of life left in it. The ebony wedge is
a perfect fit, and very nice. Holland's working dates were from the
1860s to 1890s. A very nice example.
Bullnose Shoulder / Rabbet Plane
This is a very nice 1" wide rabbit plane. Unmarked that I can see. Probably English. No damage rust
or pitting. The cutter is a Stanley 93 that fits well A nice plane.
Squirrel Tail T Rabbet Plane Overall fine condition.
This unusual plane a pinned steel cutter holder wedge instead of a wooden wedge.
It is approx. 7" long overall. Very
similar to those Hammacher Schlemmer, the famous New York retailer, offered
with their line of Piano Makers and Coachmaker Tools back near the turn of the last
century. Very nice example.
Leonard Bailey's Planes Victor
/ Defiance / Vertical Posts / Split Frames
Leonard Bailey produced the Victor line of planes after he left Stanley and
struck out on his own. He produced this line of planes for approx 18
years beginning in 1875. The history of that endeavor and his
interactions with Stanley during this period are documented in Roger Smiths
# 1 1/4 Tailed Victor Block
Plane by Leonard Bailey & Co.
The Victor #1 1/4 had a cast iron tail piece / handle. The
Victor #1 & #2 had flat sides, adjustable throats and the cutter adjustment.
The sides were flat & excelsior style. These block planes could be had in different
finishes as the 1 3/4 or the 2 3/4. The bodies are drilled to
accept a rear handle which would change it to a 1 1/4 w/ rear handle or 1 1/2 with handle and nickel trim. The same
would apply to the 7" Victor planes where a #2 becomes a 2 1/4 or 2
1/2. with a tail piece Walters dates all of them as 1875 thru 1888, the
period when Leonard Bailey had left Stanley and struck out on his own. If you find that confusing,
it is, and you need a copy of Walters book, a type study, and some reprints of
old catalogs to sort it all out.
The cutter has lots of life left and the
adjuster performs as it should. Note how good the cutter logo is. The paint on the plane is 90% or
better and original. There is no rust or pitting to speak of. The rear handle looks great but has been declared a recast by
some experts. The collector did not think so when he bought it, and
paid dearly for it.
Bailey Victor # 3 Smooth Plane
This Bailey Victor # 3 size smooth plane is in nice original condition
noting the cutter is not proper. Leonard Bailey's "Victor" line planes were produced from 1875
thru 1888 after Leonard Bailey had left Stanley's employ and before he went back to work for them.
The Victor line of planes was a great design and well received
in the marketplace. Roger Smiths books on patented planes covers the history in great detail, and is worth the read.
This plane has not been fiddled with or over cleaned. There is little rust or pitting on the body and sole. The throat is good.
No cracks, chips or other damage. The adjuster works properly. The cutter is
later and with the center slot makes the adjuster inoperable. There is approx.
80% of the
original black japanning.
Bailey "Little Victor" # 50 & 51 Block Planes
Three different variants on the theme. Each has a different blade lock type. On the left the cutter tightener is
a looped screw. I believe this is correct for early models. The
next one in the middle has a star wheel to tighten the cutter. On the
right same idea plus the adjustment can be locked with the brass knurled nut below the star.
Carved Fore PlaneThis plane has a
short Barton cutter in it. It is otherwise unmarked. Carving on
one side only. It has
small rubber pads on the bottom and has been displayed on a mantle
for the last 40 or so years. A very nice looking plane.
Wooden Compass Bottom PlaneThis plane
has good age to it. The maker put the body together w/ metal ties seen front
& back. Nice wedge. Bottom has slight radius. Most likely used
by instrument or model maker. A nice looking little plane.
Miniature Wooden Spar PlaneThis plane
has good age to it. Good cutter with chip breaker. Nice wedge. Bottom has
a radius from side to side like a spar plane. Most likely used by
instrument, model maker, or ship builder. A nice looking little plane.
Miniature Compass Bottom
Rabbet Wooden PlaneThis small plane
has good age to it. It is approx. 5 1/2" long. Owner stamp A.
Eite. Nice cutter and wedge. Bottom has
a compass bottom from end to end. Period repair on one side. Likely used by
instrument maker, model maker, or ship builder. A nice looking little plane.
Slab Construction Wooden PlaneThis small plane
has good age to it. It is approx. 4" long. 2 different owner stamps.
3 Piece slab construction. Cutter marked W. P. Ward. Likely used by
instrument maker, model maker, or ship builder. A nice looking little plane.